Android 源码 Camera2 openCamera 流程分析

打开相机的起点从 CameraManager 类 openCamera(…) 方法开始。

在这里插入图片描述
打开具有给定 ID 的相机连接。

使用 getCameraIdList 获取可用相机设备的列表。请注意,即使列出了 ID,但如果在对 getCameraIdList 和 openCamera 的调用之间断开了设备的连接,或者如果优先级更高的相机 API 客户端开始使用相机设备,则打开可能会失败。

从 API 级别 23 开始,由于优先级较低的后台相机 API 客户端正在使用该设备,因此已调用 AvailabilityCallback#onCameraUnavailable(String) 回调的设备仍可以通过调用此方法,来打开当调用相机 API 客户端的优先级高于使用此设备的当前相机 API 客户端时。通常,如果最顶层的前台活动正在您的应用程序进程中运行,则在访问相机时,将为您的进程赋予最高优先级,并且即使另一个相机 API 客户端正在使用相机设备,此方法也会成功。以此方式失去控制权的所有低优先级应用程序都将收到 android.hardware.camera2.CameraDevice.StateCallback#onDisconnected 回调。

成功打开相机后,将使用新打开的 CameraDevice 调用 CameraDevice.StateCallback#onOpened。然后可以通过调用 CameraDevice#createCaptureSession 和 CameraDevice#createCaptureRequest 设置相机设备进行操作。

由于相机设备将以异步方式打开,因此对返回的 CameraDevice 实例执行的所有异步操作都将排队,直到设备启动完成并调用回调的 CameraDevice.StateCallback#onOpened 方法为止。然后按顺序处理挂起的操作。

如果在此函数调用返回后初始化期间相机断开连接,则 CameraDevice.StateCallback#onDisconnected 的 CameraDevice 处于断开状态(并且 CameraDevice.StateCallback#onOpened 将被跳过)。

如果打开相机设备失败,则将调用设备回调的 CameraDevice.StateCallback#onError 方法,并且在相机设备上进行的后续调用将引发 CameraAccessException。

@param cameraId 要打开的相机设备的唯一标识符

@param callback 打开相机后调用的回调

@param handler 应该在其上调用回调的 Handler,或者是 null 以使用当前线程的 android.os.Looper

openCamera(…) 首先做了必要的参数检查,最后直接调用 openCameraDeviceUserAsync(…) 处理真正的打开相机流程。

frameworks/base/core/java/android/hardware/camera2/CameraManager.java

public final class CameraManager {
    ......
    @RequiresPermission(android.Manifest.permission.CAMERA)
    public void openCamera(@NonNull String cameraId,
            @NonNull final CameraDevice.StateCallback callback, @Nullable Handler handler)
            throws CameraAccessException {

        if (cameraId == null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("cameraId was null");
        } else if (callback == null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("callback was null");
        } else if (handler == null) {
            if (Looper.myLooper() != null) {
                handler = new Handler();
            } else {
                throw new IllegalArgumentException(
                        "Handler argument is null, but no looper exists in the calling thread");
            }
        }

        openCameraDeviceUserAsync(cameraId, callback, handler);
    }
    ......
}

帮助打开与给定 ID 的相机连接。

  1. 创建 CameraDeviceImpl 对象,它继承自 CameraDevice
  2. 假设支持 Camera2Api,获取 CameraService
  3. 调用 CameraService connectDevice 方法连接相机设备
  4. 获取 CameraDeviceUser
  5. CameraDeviceImpl 对象上调用 setRemoteDevice(…) 方法
  6. 返回 CameraDeviceImpl 对象

frameworks/base/core/java/android/hardware/camera2/CameraManager.java

public final class CameraManager {
    ......
    private CameraDevice openCameraDeviceUserAsync(String cameraId,
            CameraDevice.StateCallback callback, Handler handler)
            throws CameraAccessException {
        CameraCharacteristics characteristics = getCameraCharacteristics(cameraId);
        CameraDevice device = null;
        try {

            synchronized (mLock) {

                ICameraDeviceUser cameraUser = null;

                android.hardware.camera2.impl.CameraDeviceImpl deviceImpl =
                        new android.hardware.camera2.impl.CameraDeviceImpl(
                                cameraId,
                                callback,
                                handler,
                                characteristics);

                BinderHolder holder = new BinderHolder();

                ICameraDeviceCallbacks callbacks = deviceImpl.getCallbacks();
                int id = Integer.parseInt(cameraId);
                try {
                    if (supportsCamera2ApiLocked(cameraId)) {
                        // 使用 cameraservice 的 cameradeviceclient 实现 HAL3.2+ 设备
                        ICameraService cameraService = CameraManagerGlobal.get().getCameraService();
                        if (cameraService == null) {
                            throw new CameraRuntimeException(
                                CameraAccessException.CAMERA_DISCONNECTED,
                                "Camera service is currently unavailable");
                        }
                        cameraService.connectDevice(callbacks, id,
                                mContext.getOpPackageName(), USE_CALLING_UID, holder);
                        cameraUser = ICameraDeviceUser.Stub.asInterface(holder.getBinder());
                    } else {
                        // 对 HAL1 设备使用旧版相机实现
                        Log.i(TAG, "Using legacy camera HAL.");
                        cameraUser = CameraDeviceUserShim.connectBinderShim(callbacks, id);
                    }
                } catch (CameraRuntimeException e) {
                    ......
                } catch (RemoteException e) {
                    ......
                }

                // TODO: factor out callback to be non-nested, then move setter to constructor
                // 目前,调用 setRemoteDevice 将触发初始的 onOpened/onUnconfigured 回调。
                deviceImpl.setRemoteDevice(cameraUser);
                device = deviceImpl;
            }

        } catch (NumberFormatException e) {
            ......
        } catch (CameraRuntimeException e) {
            ......
        }
        return device;
    }    
    ......
}

HAL2.1+ CameraDevice 实现。使用 CameraManager#open 实例化。

  1. 获取 TAG
  2. 获取 partialCount

REQUEST_PARTIAL_RESULT_COUNT 定义结果将由多少个子组件组成。

为了消除流水线延迟,可以在部分结果可用时立即将其从相机设备传递到应用程序层。

可选的; 默认值为 1。值 1 表示不支持部分结果,并且相机设备将仅生成最终的 TotalCaptureResult。一个典型的用例可能是:请求自动对焦(AF)锁定后,新的 AF 状态在整个管道中可能有 50% 可用。然后,相机设备可以通过部分结果立即将状态分发给应用程序,其余的元数据则通过以后的部分结果进行分发。

frameworks/base/core/java/android/hardware/camera2/impl/CameraDeviceImpl.java

public class CameraDeviceImpl extends CameraDevice {
    ......
    public CameraDeviceImpl(String cameraId, StateCallback callback, Handler handler,
                        CameraCharacteristics characteristics) {
        if (cameraId == null || callback == null || handler == null || characteristics == null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Null argument given");
        }
        mCameraId = cameraId;
        mDeviceCallback = callback;
        mDeviceHandler = handler;
        mCharacteristics = characteristics;

        final int MAX_TAG_LEN = 23;
        String tag = String.format("CameraDevice-JV-%s", mCameraId);
        if (tag.length() > MAX_TAG_LEN) {
            tag = tag.substring(0, MAX_TAG_LEN);
        }
        TAG = tag;

        Integer partialCount =
                mCharacteristics.get(CameraCharacteristics.REQUEST_PARTIAL_RESULT_COUNT);
        if (partialCount == null) {
            // 1 means partial result is not supported.
            mTotalPartialCount = 1;
        } else {
            mTotalPartialCount = partialCount;
        }
    }    
    ......
}

现在了解一下 CameraDevice 类。

CameraDevice 类代表连接到 Android 设备的单个相机的表示形式,允许以高帧率对图像捕获和后处理进行细粒度控制。

应用必须在其清单中声明 android.Manifest.permission#CAMERA Camera 权限,才能访问相机设备。

给定的相机设备可以提供以下两个级别之一的支持:受限或完全支持。 如果设备仅支持有限级别,则 Camera2 会公开一个功能集,该功能集与旧版 android.hardware.Camera Camera API 大致相同,尽管接口更加简洁高效。与旧版相机 API 相比,实现全面支持的设备提供了显着改进的功能。 针对有限级别设备的应用程序将在完整级别设备上保持不变;如果应用程序需要完整级别的设备才能正常运行,请在清单中声明 “ android.hardware.camera.level.full” 功能。

frameworks/base/core/java/android/hardware/camera2/CameraDevice.java

public abstract class CameraDevice implements AutoCloseable {
    ......
}

获取 CameraService 相机服务具体可以参见《Android 源码 Camera2 获取 CameraId 列表》一节。继续分析调用 CameraService connectDevice 方法。这会调到 BpCameraService 同名方法。

frameworks/av/camera/ICameraService.cpp

class BpCameraService: public BpInterface<ICameraService>
{
public:
    virtual status_t connectDevice(
            const sp<ICameraDeviceCallbacks>& cameraCb,
            int cameraId,
            const String16& clientPackageName,
            int clientUid,
            /*out*/
            sp<ICameraDeviceUser>& device)
    {
        Parcel data, reply;
        data.writeInterfaceToken(ICameraService::getInterfaceDescriptor());
        data.writeStrongBinder(IInterface::asBinder(cameraCb));
        data.writeInt32(cameraId);
        data.writeString16(clientPackageName);
        data.writeInt32(clientUid);

        status_t status;
        status = remote()->transact(BnCameraService::CONNECT_DEVICE, data, &reply);
        if (status != OK) return status;

        if (readExceptionCode(reply)) return -EPROTO;
        status = reply.readInt32();
        if (reply.readInt32() != 0) {
            device = interface_cast<ICameraDeviceUser>(reply.readStrongBinder());
        }
        return status;
    }    
}

接着在 BnCameraService onTransact(…) 方法中接收 Client 发来的消息,调用它的 connectDevice(…) 具体实现。

frameworks/av/camera/ICameraService.cpp

status_t BnCameraService::onTransact(
    uint32_t code, const Parcel& data, Parcel* reply, uint32_t flags)
{
    switch(code) {
        ......
        case CONNECT_DEVICE: {
            CHECK_INTERFACE(ICameraService, data, reply);
            sp<ICameraDeviceCallbacks> cameraClient =
                interface_cast<ICameraDeviceCallbacks>(data.readStrongBinder());
            int32_t cameraId = data.readInt32();
            const String16 clientName = data.readString16();
            int32_t clientUid = data.readInt32();
            sp<ICameraDeviceUser> camera;
            status_t status = connectDevice(cameraClient, cameraId,
                    clientName, clientUid, /*out*/camera);
            reply->writeNoException();
            reply->writeInt32(status);
            if (camera != NULL) {
                reply->writeInt32(1);
                reply->writeStrongBinder(IInterface::asBinder(camera));
            } else {
                reply->writeInt32(0);
            }
            return NO_ERROR;
        } break;
        ......
    }
    ......
}

CameraService::connectDevice(…) 主要调用了 connectHelper(…) 方法。

frameworks/av/services/camera/libcameraservice/CameraService.cpp

status_t CameraService::connectDevice(
        const sp<ICameraDeviceCallbacks>& cameraCb,
        int cameraId,
        const String16& clientPackageName,
        int clientUid,
        /*out*/
        sp<ICameraDeviceUser>& device) {

    ATRACE_CALL();
    status_t ret = NO_ERROR;
    String8 id = String8::format("%d", cameraId);
    sp<CameraDeviceClient> client = nullptr;
    ret = connectHelper<ICameraDeviceCallbacks,CameraDeviceClient>(cameraCb, id,
            CAMERA_HAL_API_VERSION_UNSPECIFIED, clientPackageName, clientUid, API_2, false, false,
            /*out*/client);

    if(ret != NO_ERROR) {
        logRejected(id, getCallingPid(), String8(clientPackageName),
                String8::format("%s (%d)", strerror(-ret), ret));
        return ret;
    }

    device = client;
    return NO_ERROR;
}

下面重点关注获取 BasicClient 和 从 HAL 模块初始化客户端。

frameworks/av/services/camera/libcameraservice/CameraService.h

template<class CALLBACK, class CLIENT>
status_t CameraService::connectHelper(const sp<CALLBACK>& cameraCb, const String8& cameraId,
        int halVersion, const String16& clientPackageName, int clientUid,
        apiLevel effectiveApiLevel, bool legacyMode, bool shimUpdateOnly,
        /*out*/sp<CLIENT>& device) {
    status_t ret = NO_ERROR;
    String8 clientName8(clientPackageName);
    int clientPid = getCallingPid();

    ALOGI("CameraService::connect call (PID %d \"%s\", camera ID %s) for HAL version %s and "
            "Camera API version %d", clientPid, clientName8.string(), cameraId.string(),
            (halVersion == -1) ? "default" : std::to_string(halVersion).c_str(),
            static_cast<int>(effectiveApiLevel));

    sp<CLIENT> client = nullptr;
    {
        // 获取 AutoConditionLock 并阻止其他客户端连接
        std::unique_ptr<AutoConditionLock> lock =
                AutoConditionLock::waitAndAcquire(mServiceLockWrapper, DEFAULT_CONNECT_TIMEOUT_NS);

        if (lock == nullptr) {
            ALOGE("CameraService::connect X (PID %d) rejected (too many other clients connecting)."
                    , clientPid);
            return -EBUSY;
        }

        // 强制执行客户端权限并进行基本的健全性检查
        if((ret = validateConnectLocked(cameraId, /*inout*/clientUid)) != NO_ERROR) {
            return ret;
        }

        // 在获取锁后检查 shim 参数,如果它们已经被更新并且我们正在进行 shim 更新,立即返回
        if (shimUpdateOnly) {
            auto cameraState = getCameraState(cameraId);
            if (cameraState != nullptr) {
                if (!cameraState->getShimParams().isEmpty()) return NO_ERROR;
            }
        }

        sp<BasicClient> clientTmp = nullptr;
        std::shared_ptr<resource_policy::ClientDescriptor<String8, sp<BasicClient>>> partial;
        if ((ret = handleEvictionsLocked(cameraId, clientPid, effectiveApiLevel,
                IInterface::asBinder(cameraCb), clientName8, /*out*/&clientTmp,
                /*out*/&partial)) != NO_ERROR) {
            return ret;
        }

        if (clientTmp.get() != nullptr) {
            // 处理 API1 MediaRecorder 的特殊情况,其中返回了现有客户端
            device = static_cast<CLIENT*>(clientTmp.get());
            return NO_ERROR;
        }

        // 如果有必要,让手电筒有机会关闭设备。
        mFlashlight->prepareDeviceOpen(cameraId);

        // TODO: Update getDeviceVersion + HAL interface to use strings for Camera IDs
        int id = cameraIdToInt(cameraId);
        if (id == -1) {
            ALOGE("%s: Invalid camera ID %s, cannot get device version from HAL.", __FUNCTION__,
                    cameraId.string());
            return BAD_VALUE;
        }

        int facing = -1;
        int deviceVersion = getDeviceVersion(id, /*out*/&facing);
        sp<BasicClient> tmp = nullptr;
        // 获取 BasicClient
        if((ret = makeClient(this, cameraCb, clientPackageName, cameraId, facing, clientPid,
                clientUid, getpid(), legacyMode, halVersion, deviceVersion, effectiveApiLevel,
                /*out*/&tmp)) != NO_ERROR) {
            return ret;
        }
        client = static_cast<CLIENT*>(tmp.get());

        LOG_ALWAYS_FATAL_IF(client.get() == nullptr, "%s: CameraService in invalid state",
                __FUNCTION__);
        // 从 HAL 模块初始化客户端
        if ((ret = client->initialize(mModule)) != OK) {
            ALOGE("%s: Could not initialize client from HAL module.", __FUNCTION__);
            return ret;
        }

        // 更新旧版客户端的 shim 参数
        if (effectiveApiLevel == API_1) {
            // 假设我们一直收到 API1 的 Client 子类
            sp<Client> shimClient = reinterpret_cast<Client*>(client.get());
            String8 rawParams = shimClient->getParameters();
            CameraParameters params(rawParams);

            auto cameraState = getCameraState(cameraId);
            if (cameraState != nullptr) {
                cameraState->setShimParams(params);
            } else {
                ALOGE("%s: Cannot update shim parameters for camera %s, no such device exists.",
                        __FUNCTION__, cameraId.string());
            }
        }

        if (shimUpdateOnly) {
            // 如果仅更新旧的 shim 参数,请立即断开客户端连接
            mServiceLock.unlock();
            client->disconnect();
            mServiceLock.lock();
        } else {
            // 否则,将客户端添加到活动客户端列表
            finishConnectLocked(client, partial);
        }
    } // 锁被销毁,允许进一步连接调用

    // Important: release the mutex here so the client can call back into the service from its
    // destructor (can be at the end of the call)
    device = client;
    return NO_ERROR;
}

假设走分支 Camera2 API 路由,这会创建 CameraDeviceClient 对象。

frameworks/av/services/camera/libcameraservice/CameraService.cpp

status_t CameraService::makeClient(const sp<CameraService>& cameraService,
        const sp<IInterface>& cameraCb, const String16& packageName, const String8& cameraId,
        int facing, int clientPid, uid_t clientUid, int servicePid, bool legacyMode,
        int halVersion, int deviceVersion, apiLevel effectiveApiLevel,
        /*out*/sp<BasicClient>* client) {

    // TODO: Update CameraClients + HAL interface to use strings for Camera IDs
    int id = cameraIdToInt(cameraId);
    if (id == -1) {
        ALOGE("%s: Invalid camera ID %s, cannot convert to integer.", __FUNCTION__,
                cameraId.string());
        return BAD_VALUE;
    }

    if (halVersion < 0 || halVersion == deviceVersion) {
        // 默认路径:调用者未指定 HAL 版本,根据 HAL 报告的设备版本创建 CameraClient。
        switch(deviceVersion) {
          case CAMERA_DEVICE_API_VERSION_1_0:
            if (effectiveApiLevel == API_1) {  // Camera1 API route
                sp<ICameraClient> tmp = static_cast<ICameraClient*>(cameraCb.get());
                *client = new CameraClient(cameraService, tmp, packageName, id, facing,
                        clientPid, clientUid, getpid(), legacyMode);
            } else { // Camera2 API route
                ALOGW("Camera using old HAL version: %d", deviceVersion);
                return -EOPNOTSUPP;
            }
            break;
          case CAMERA_DEVICE_API_VERSION_2_0:
          case CAMERA_DEVICE_API_VERSION_2_1:
          case CAMERA_DEVICE_API_VERSION_3_0:
          case CAMERA_DEVICE_API_VERSION_3_1:
          case CAMERA_DEVICE_API_VERSION_3_2:
          case CAMERA_DEVICE_API_VERSION_3_3:
            if (effectiveApiLevel == API_1) { // Camera1 API 路由
                sp<ICameraClient> tmp = static_cast<ICameraClient*>(cameraCb.get());
                *client = new Camera2Client(cameraService, tmp, packageName, id, facing,
                        clientPid, clientUid, servicePid, legacyMode);
            } else { // Camera2 API 路由
                sp<ICameraDeviceCallbacks> tmp =
                        static_cast<ICameraDeviceCallbacks*>(cameraCb.get());
                *client = new CameraDeviceClient(cameraService, tmp, packageName, id,
                        facing, clientPid, clientUid, servicePid);
            }
            break;
          default:
            // Should not be reachable
            ALOGE("Unknown camera device HAL version: %d", deviceVersion);
            return INVALID_OPERATION;
        }
    } else {
        // 调用者要求特定的 HAL 版本。根据请求的 HAL 版本创建 CameraClient。
        if (deviceVersion > CAMERA_DEVICE_API_VERSION_1_0 &&
            halVersion == CAMERA_DEVICE_API_VERSION_1_0) {
            // 只支持高 HAL 版本设备打开为 HAL1.0 设备。
            sp<ICameraClient> tmp = static_cast<ICameraClient*>(cameraCb.get());
            *client = new CameraClient(cameraService, tmp, packageName, id, facing,
                    clientPid, clientUid, servicePid, legacyMode);
        } else {
            // 目前尚不支持其他组合(例如,以HAL2.x 打开的 HAL3.x)。
            ALOGE("Invalid camera HAL version %x: HAL %x device can only be"
                    " opened as HAL %x device", halVersion, deviceVersion,
                    CAMERA_DEVICE_API_VERSION_1_0);
            return INVALID_OPERATION;
        }
    }
    return NO_ERROR;
}

CameraDeviceClient 构造函数中创建了 Camera2ClientBase 对象。

frameworks/av/services/camera/libcameraservice/api2/CameraDeviceClient.cpp

CameraDeviceClient::CameraDeviceClient(const sp<CameraService>& cameraService,
                                   const sp<ICameraDeviceCallbacks>& remoteCallback,
                                   const String16& clientPackageName,
                                   int cameraId,
                                   int cameraFacing,
                                   int clientPid,
                                   uid_t clientUid,
                                   int servicePid) :
    Camera2ClientBase(cameraService, remoteCallback, clientPackageName,
                cameraId, cameraFacing, clientPid, clientUid, servicePid),
    mInputStream(),
    mRequestIdCounter(0) {

    ATRACE_CALL();
    ALOGI("CameraDeviceClient %d: Opened", cameraId);
}

Camera2ClientBase 构造器是一个模板函数,TClientBase 会被 CameraDeviceClientBase 替换,会先构造一个 CameraDeviceClientBase 对象。

frameworks/av/services/camera/libcameraservice/common/Camera2ClientBase.cpp

template <typename TClientBase>
Camera2ClientBase<TClientBase>::Camera2ClientBase(
        const sp<CameraService>& cameraService,
        const sp<TCamCallbacks>& remoteCallback,
        const String16& clientPackageName,
        int cameraId,
        int cameraFacing,
        int clientPid,
        uid_t clientUid,
        int servicePid):
        TClientBase(cameraService, remoteCallback, clientPackageName,
                cameraId, cameraFacing, clientPid, clientUid, servicePid),
        mSharedCameraCallbacks(remoteCallback),
        mDeviceVersion(cameraService->getDeviceVersion(cameraId)),
        mDeviceActive(false)
{
    ALOGI("Camera %d: Opened. Client: %s (PID %d, UID %d)", cameraId,
            String8(clientPackageName).string(), clientPid, clientUid);

    mInitialClientPid = clientPid;
    mDevice = CameraDeviceFactory::createDevice(cameraId);
    LOG_ALWAYS_FATAL_IF(mDevice == 0, "Device should never be NULL here.");
}

CameraDeviceClientBase 构造器中又构造了一个 BasicClient 对象。

frameworks/av/services/camera/libcameraservice/api2/CameraDeviceClient.cpp

CameraDeviceClientBase::CameraDeviceClientBase(
        const sp<CameraService>& cameraService,
        const sp<ICameraDeviceCallbacks>& remoteCallback,
        const String16& clientPackageName,
        int cameraId,
        int cameraFacing,
        int clientPid,
        uid_t clientUid,
        int servicePid) :
    BasicClient(cameraService,
            IInterface::asBinder(remoteCallback),
            clientPackageName,
            cameraId,
            cameraFacing,
            clientPid,
            clientUid,
            servicePid),
    mRemoteCallback(remoteCallback) {
}

BasicClient 定义在 CameraService.cpp 中。

frameworks/av/services/camera/libcameraservice/CameraService.cpp

CameraService::BasicClient::BasicClient(const sp<CameraService>& cameraService,
        const sp<IBinder>& remoteCallback,
        const String16& clientPackageName,
        int cameraId, int cameraFacing,
        int clientPid, uid_t clientUid,
        int servicePid):
        mClientPackageName(clientPackageName), mDisconnected(false)
{
    mCameraService = cameraService;
    mRemoteBinder = remoteCallback;
    mCameraId = cameraId;
    mCameraFacing = cameraFacing;
    mClientPid = clientPid;
    mClientUid = clientUid;
    mServicePid = servicePid;
    mOpsActive = false;
    mDestructionStarted = false;
}

回到 Camera2ClientBase 构造器,CameraDeviceFactory::createDevice(…) 会创建 CameraDevice。

  1. 由 CameraService 弱引用提升为强引用
  2. 根据 HAL 版本去创建不同的 Camera2Device 或 Camera3Device 对象

frameworks/av/services/camera/libcameraservice/CameraDeviceFactory.cpp

sp<CameraDeviceBase> CameraDeviceFactory::createDevice(int cameraId) {

    sp<CameraService> svc = sService.promote();
    if (svc == 0) {
        ALOGE("%s: No service registered", __FUNCTION__);
        return NULL;
    }

    int deviceVersion = svc->getDeviceVersion(cameraId, /*facing*/NULL);

    sp<CameraDeviceBase> device;

    switch (deviceVersion) {
        case CAMERA_DEVICE_API_VERSION_2_0:
        case CAMERA_DEVICE_API_VERSION_2_1:
            device = new Camera2Device(cameraId);
            break;
        case CAMERA_DEVICE_API_VERSION_3_0:
        case CAMERA_DEVICE_API_VERSION_3_1:
        case CAMERA_DEVICE_API_VERSION_3_2:
        case CAMERA_DEVICE_API_VERSION_3_3:
            device = new Camera3Device(cameraId);
            break;
        default:
            ALOGE("%s: Camera %d: Unknown HAL device version %d",
                  __FUNCTION__, cameraId, deviceVersion);
            device = NULL;
            break;
    }

    ALOGV_IF(device != 0, "Created a new camera device for version %d",
                          deviceVersion);

    return device;
}

假设工厂方法创建了 Camera3Device。

frameworks/av/services/camera/libcameraservice/device3/Camera3Device.cpp

Camera3Device::Camera3Device(int id):
        mId(id),
        mIsConstrainedHighSpeedConfiguration(false),
        mHal3Device(NULL),
        mStatus(STATUS_UNINITIALIZED),
        mStatusWaiters(0),
        mUsePartialResult(false),
        mNumPartialResults(1),
        mNextResultFrameNumber(0),
        mNextReprocessResultFrameNumber(0),
        mNextShutterFrameNumber(0),
        mNextReprocessShutterFrameNumber(0),
        mListener(NULL)
{
    ATRACE_CALL();
    camera3_callback_ops::notify = &sNotify;
    camera3_callback_ops::process_capture_result = &sProcessCaptureResult;
    ALOGV("%s: Created device for camera %d", __FUNCTION__, id);
}

现在来回看从 HAL 模块初始化客户端。这会首先调用 CameraDeviceClient::initialize(…) 方法。

  1. 调用 Camera2ClientBase::initialize(…) 方法进一步初始化
  2. 创建 FrameProcessorBase 对象,并 run 起来,然后注册一些 RangeListener。FrameProcessorBase 类代表输出帧元数据处理线程。这个线程等待来自设备的新帧,并在必要时分析它们。

RangeListener 为一系列 ID [minId,maxId)注册一个监听器。多个监听者可以监听同一范围。使用相同范围的 ID 注册相同的监听器无效。sendPartials 控制是否发送部分结果。

frameworks/av/services/camera/libcameraservice/api2/CameraDeviceClient.cpp

status_t CameraDeviceClient::initialize(CameraModule *module)
{
    ATRACE_CALL();
    status_t res;

    res = Camera2ClientBase::initialize(module);
    if (res != OK) {
        return res;
    }

    String8 threadName;
    mFrameProcessor = new FrameProcessorBase(mDevice);
    threadName = String8::format("CDU-%d-FrameProc", mCameraId);
    mFrameProcessor->run(threadName.string());

    mFrameProcessor->registerListener(FRAME_PROCESSOR_LISTENER_MIN_ID,
                                      FRAME_PROCESSOR_LISTENER_MAX_ID,
                                      /*listener*/this,
                                      /*sendPartials*/true);

    return OK;
}

Camera2ClientBase 类 initialize(…) 方法最终调用了 Camera3Device initialize(…) 方法。

frameworks/av/services/camera/libcameraservice/common/Camera2ClientBase.cpp

template <typename TClientBase>
status_t Camera2ClientBase<TClientBase>::initialize(CameraModule *module) {
    ATRACE_CALL();
    ALOGV("%s: Initializing client for camera %d", __FUNCTION__,
          TClientBase::mCameraId);
    status_t res;

    // 验证操作权限
    res = TClientBase::startCameraOps();
    if (res != OK) {
        return res;
    }

    if (mDevice == NULL) {
        ALOGE("%s: Camera %d: No device connected",
                __FUNCTION__, TClientBase::mCameraId);
        return NO_INIT;
    }

    res = mDevice->initialize(module);
    if (res != OK) {
        ALOGE("%s: Camera %d: unable to initialize device: %s (%d)",
                __FUNCTION__, TClientBase::mCameraId, strerror(-res), res);
        return res;
    }

    res = mDevice->setNotifyCallback(this);

    return OK;
}

初始化的时候和 camera HAL 关联了起来。

frameworks/av/services/camera/libcameraservice/device3/Camera3Device.cpp

status_t Camera3Device::initialize(CameraModule *module)
{
    ATRACE_CALL();
    Mutex::Autolock il(mInterfaceLock);
    Mutex::Autolock l(mLock);

    ALOGV("%s: Initializing device for camera %d", __FUNCTION__, mId);
    if (mStatus != STATUS_UNINITIALIZED) {
        CLOGE("Already initialized!");
        return INVALID_OPERATION;
    }

    /** 打开 HAL device */
    status_t res;
    String8 deviceName = String8::format("%d", mId);

    camera3_device_t *device;

    ATRACE_BEGIN("camera3->open");
    res = module->open(deviceName.string(),
            reinterpret_cast<hw_device_t**>(&device));
    ATRACE_END();

    if (res != OK) {
        SET_ERR_L("Could not open camera: %s (%d)", strerror(-res), res);
        return res;
    }

    /** 交叉检查设备版本 */
    if (device->common.version < CAMERA_DEVICE_API_VERSION_3_0) {
        SET_ERR_L("Could not open camera: "
                "Camera device should be at least %x, reports %x instead",
                CAMERA_DEVICE_API_VERSION_3_0,
                device->common.version);
        device->common.close(&device->common);
        return BAD_VALUE;
    }

    camera_info info;
    res = CameraService::filterGetInfoErrorCode(module->getCameraInfo(
        mId, &info));
    if (res != OK) return res;

    if (info.device_version != device->common.version) {
        SET_ERR_L("HAL reporting mismatched camera_info version (%x)"
                " and device version (%x).",
                info.device_version, device->common.version);
        device->common.close(&device->common);
        return BAD_VALUE;
    }

    /** 使用回调函数初始化设备 */
    ATRACE_BEGIN("camera3->initialize");
    res = device->ops->initialize(device, this);
    ATRACE_END();

    if (res != OK) {
        SET_ERR_L("Unable to initialize HAL device: %s (%d)",
                strerror(-res), res);
        device->common.close(&device->common);
        return BAD_VALUE;
    }

    /** 启动状态跟踪器线程 */
    mStatusTracker = new StatusTracker(this);
    res = mStatusTracker->run(String8::format("C3Dev-%d-Status", mId).string());
    if (res != OK) {
        SET_ERR_L("Unable to start status tracking thread: %s (%d)",
                strerror(-res), res);
        device->common.close(&device->common);
        mStatusTracker.clear();
        return res;
    }

    bool aeLockAvailable = false;
    camera_metadata_ro_entry aeLockAvailableEntry;
    res = find_camera_metadata_ro_entry(info.static_camera_characteristics,
            ANDROID_CONTROL_AE_LOCK_AVAILABLE, &aeLockAvailableEntry);
    if (res == OK && aeLockAvailableEntry.count > 0) {
        aeLockAvailable = (aeLockAvailableEntry.data.u8[0] ==
                ANDROID_CONTROL_AE_LOCK_AVAILABLE_TRUE);
    }

    /** 启动请求队列线程 */
    mRequestThread = new RequestThread(this, mStatusTracker, device, aeLockAvailable);
    res = mRequestThread->run(String8::format("C3Dev-%d-ReqQueue", mId).string());
    if (res != OK) {
        SET_ERR_L("Unable to start request queue thread: %s (%d)",
                strerror(-res), res);
        device->common.close(&device->common);
        mRequestThread.clear();
        return res;
    }

    mPreparerThread = new PreparerThread();

    /** Everything is good to go */

    mDeviceVersion = device->common.version;
    mDeviceInfo = info.static_camera_characteristics;
    mHal3Device = device;

    internalUpdateStatusLocked(STATUS_UNCONFIGURED);
    mNextStreamId = 0;
    mDummyStreamId = NO_STREAM;
    mNeedConfig = true;
    mPauseStateNotify = false;

    // HAL是否会发送早期的部分结果元数据?
    if (mDeviceVersion >= CAMERA_DEVICE_API_VERSION_3_2) {
        camera_metadata_entry partialResultsCount =
                mDeviceInfo.find(ANDROID_REQUEST_PARTIAL_RESULT_COUNT);
        if (partialResultsCount.count > 0) {
            mNumPartialResults = partialResultsCount.data.i32[0];
            mUsePartialResult = (mNumPartialResults > 1);
        }
    } else {
        camera_metadata_entry partialResultsQuirk =
                mDeviceInfo.find(ANDROID_QUIRKS_USE_PARTIAL_RESULT);
        if (partialResultsQuirk.count > 0 && partialResultsQuirk.data.u8[0] == 1) {
            mUsePartialResult = true;
        }
    }

    camera_metadata_entry configs =
            mDeviceInfo.find(ANDROID_SCALER_AVAILABLE_STREAM_CONFIGURATIONS);
    for (uint32_t i = 0; i < configs.count; i += 4) {
        if (configs.data.i32[i] == HAL_PIXEL_FORMAT_IMPLEMENTATION_DEFINED &&
                configs.data.i32[i + 3] ==
                ANDROID_SCALER_AVAILABLE_STREAM_CONFIGURATIONS_INPUT) {
            mSupportedOpaqueInputSizes.add(Size(configs.data.i32[i + 1],
                    configs.data.i32[i + 2]));
        }
    }

    return OK;
}

CameraModule::open(…) 方法内部调用了 camera_module 结构体 common 成员,这是一个 hw_module_t 结构体,其内部定义了 hw_module_methods_t 结构体,hw_module_methods_t 结构体内部又定义了 open 函数指针。这部分需要遵守 HAL 层定义。

frameworks/av/services/camera/libcameraservice/common/CameraModule.cpp

int CameraModule::open(const char* id, struct hw_device_t** device) {
    int res;
    ATRACE_BEGIN("camera_module->open");
    res = filterOpenErrorCode(mModule->common.methods->open(&mModule->common, id, device));
    ATRACE_END();
    return res;
}

我们以 moto Nexus 6 HAL device/moto/shamu/camera/QCamera2/ 为例进行分析。QCamera2Hal.cpp 中给 hw_module_t 结构体 camera_common 进行了赋值,methods 中定义了 open(…) 方法。

device/moto/shamu/camera/QCamera2/QCamera2Hal.cpp

#include "QCamera2Factory.h"
#include "HAL3/QCamera3VendorTags.h"

static hw_module_t camera_common = {
    tag: HARDWARE_MODULE_TAG,
    module_api_version: CAMERA_MODULE_API_VERSION_2_4,
    hal_api_version: HARDWARE_HAL_API_VERSION,
    id: CAMERA_HARDWARE_MODULE_ID,
    name: "QCamera Module",
    author: "Qualcomm Innovation Center Inc",
    methods: &qcamera::QCamera2Factory::mModuleMethods,
    dso: NULL,
    reserved:  {0},
};

open 函数指针实际指向 QCamera2Factory::camera_device_open(…) 函数。

device/moto/shamu/camera/QCamera2/QCamera2Factory.cpp

struct hw_module_methods_t QCamera2Factory::mModuleMethods = {
    open: QCamera2Factory::camera_device_open,
};

QCamera2Factory::camera_device_open(…) 方法内部做了入参检查,然后调用 QCamera2Factory::cameraDeviceOpen(…) 方法。gQCamera2Factory 是在 QCamera2Factory::get_number_of_cameras() 方法中构造的。

device/moto/shamu/camera/QCamera2/QCamera2Factory.cpp

int QCamera2Factory::camera_device_open(
    const struct hw_module_t *module, const char *id,
    struct hw_device_t **hw_device)
{
    if (module != &HAL_MODULE_INFO_SYM.common) {
        ALOGE("Invalid module. Trying to open %p, expect %p",
            module, &HAL_MODULE_INFO_SYM.common);
        return INVALID_OPERATION;
    }
    if (!id) {
        ALOGE("Invalid camera id");
        return BAD_VALUE;
    }
    return gQCamera2Factory->cameraDeviceOpen(atoi(id), hw_device);
}

假设我们走 HAL3 分支,这里会创建 QCamera3HardwareInterface 对象,接着调用其 openCamera(…) 方法。

device/moto/shamu/camera/QCamera2/QCamera2Factory.cpp

int QCamera2Factory::cameraDeviceOpen(int camera_id,
                    struct hw_device_t **hw_device)
{
    int rc = NO_ERROR;
    if (camera_id < 0 || camera_id >= mNumOfCameras)
        return -ENODEV;

    if ( NULL == mHalDescriptors ) {
        ALOGE("%s : Hal descriptor table is not initialized!", __func__);
        return NO_INIT;
    }

    if ( mHalDescriptors[camera_id].device_version == CAMERA_DEVICE_API_VERSION_3_0 ) {
        QCamera3HardwareInterface *hw = new QCamera3HardwareInterface(mHalDescriptors[camera_id].cameraId,
                mCallbacks);
        if (!hw) {
            ALOGE("Allocation of hardware interface failed");
            return NO_MEMORY;
        }
        rc = hw->openCamera(hw_device);
        if (rc != 0) {
            delete hw;
        }
    } else if (mHalDescriptors[camera_id].device_version == CAMERA_DEVICE_API_VERSION_1_0) {
        ......
    } else {
        ALOGE("%s: Device version for camera id %d invalid %d",
              __func__,
              camera_id,
              mHalDescriptors[camera_id].device_version);
        return BAD_VALUE;
    }

    return rc;
}

QCamera3HardwareInterface 构造函数如下:

device/moto/shamu/camera/QCamera2/HAL3/QCamera3HWI.cpp

QCamera3HardwareInterface::QCamera3HardwareInterface(int cameraId,
                        const camera_module_callbacks_t *callbacks)
    : mCameraId(cameraId),
      mCameraHandle(NULL),
      mCameraOpened(false),
      mCameraInitialized(false),
      mCallbackOps(NULL),
      mMetadataChannel(NULL),
      mPictureChannel(NULL),
      mRawChannel(NULL),
      mSupportChannel(NULL),
      mRawDumpChannel(NULL),
      mFirstRequest(false),
      mFlush(false),
      mParamHeap(NULL),
      mParameters(NULL),
      m_bIsVideo(false),
      m_bIs4KVideo(false),
      mEisEnable(0),
      mLoopBackResult(NULL),
      mMinProcessedFrameDuration(0),
      mMinJpegFrameDuration(0),
      mMinRawFrameDuration(0),
      m_pPowerModule(NULL),
      mMetaFrameCount(0),
      mCallbacks(callbacks),
      mCaptureIntent(0)
{
    getLogLevel();
    mCameraDevice.common.tag = HARDWARE_DEVICE_TAG;
    mCameraDevice.common.version = CAMERA_DEVICE_API_VERSION_3_3;
    mCameraDevice.common.close = close_camera_device;
    mCameraDevice.ops = &mCameraOps;
    mCameraDevice.priv = this;
    gCamCapability[cameraId]->version = CAM_HAL_V3;
    // TODO: hardcode for now until mctl add support for min_num_pp_bufs
    //TBD - To see if this hardcoding is needed. Check by printing if this is filled by mctl to 3
    gCamCapability[cameraId]->min_num_pp_bufs = 3;

    pthread_cond_init(&mRequestCond, NULL);
    mPendingRequest = 0;
    mCurrentRequestId = -1;
    pthread_mutex_init(&mMutex, NULL);

    for (size_t i = 0; i < CAMERA3_TEMPLATE_COUNT; i++)
        mDefaultMetadata[i] = NULL;

#ifdef HAS_MULTIMEDIA_HINTS
    if (hw_get_module(POWER_HARDWARE_MODULE_ID, (const hw_module_t **)&m_pPowerModule)) {
        ALOGE("%s: %s module not found", __func__, POWER_HARDWARE_MODULE_ID);
    }
#endif

    char prop[PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    property_get("persist.camera.raw.dump", prop, "0");
    mEnableRawDump = atoi(prop);
    if (mEnableRawDump)
        CDBG("%s: Raw dump from Camera HAL enabled", __func__);
}

QCamera3HardwareInterface::openCamera(…) 在内部调用了无入参的重载方法,实际工作是由 camera_open(…) 函数完成的。mm_camera_vtbl_t 是包含相机句柄和操作表的虚拟表。

device/moto/shamu/camera/QCamera2/HAL3/QCamera3HWI.cpp

int QCamera3HardwareInterface::openCamera(struct hw_device_t **hw_device)
{
    int rc = 0;
    if (mCameraOpened) {
        *hw_device = NULL;
        return PERMISSION_DENIED;
    }

    rc = openCamera();
    if (rc == 0) {
        *hw_device = &mCameraDevice.common;
    } else
        *hw_device = NULL;

#ifdef HAS_MULTIMEDIA_HINTS
    if (rc == 0) {
        if (m_pPowerModule) {
            if (m_pPowerModule->powerHint) {
                m_pPowerModule->powerHint(m_pPowerModule, POWER_HINT_VIDEO_ENCODE,
                        (void *)"state=1");
            }
        }
    }
#endif
    return rc;
}

int QCamera3HardwareInterface::openCamera()
{
    int rc = 0;

    ATRACE_CALL();
    if (mCameraHandle) {
        ALOGE("Failure: Camera already opened");
        return ALREADY_EXISTS;
    }

    rc = QCameraFlash::getInstance().reserveFlashForCamera(mCameraId);
    if (rc < 0) {
        ALOGE("%s: Failed to reserve flash for camera id: %d",
                __func__,
                mCameraId);
        return UNKNOWN_ERROR;
    }

    mCameraHandle = camera_open(mCameraId);
    if (!mCameraHandle) {
        ALOGE("camera_open failed.");
        return UNKNOWN_ERROR;
    }

    mCameraOpened = true;

    rc = mCameraHandle->ops->register_event_notify(mCameraHandle->camera_handle,
            camEvtHandle, (void *)this);

    if (rc < 0) {
        ALOGE("%s: Error, failed to register event callback", __func__);
        /* Not closing camera here since it is already handled in destructor */
        return FAILED_TRANSACTION;
    }

    return NO_ERROR;
}

camera device 打开是由 mm_camera_open(…) 函数完成的。

device/moto/shamu/camera/QCamera2/stack/mm-camera-interface/src/mm_camera_interface.c

mm_camera_vtbl_t * camera_open(uint8_t camera_idx)
{
    int32_t rc = 0;
    mm_camera_obj_t* cam_obj = NULL;

    CDBG("%s: E camera_idx = %d\n", __func__, camera_idx);
    if (camera_idx >= g_cam_ctrl.num_cam) {
        CDBG_ERROR("%s: Invalid camera_idx (%d)", __func__, camera_idx);
        return NULL;
    }

    pthread_mutex_lock(&g_intf_lock);
    /* opened already */
    if(NULL != g_cam_ctrl.cam_obj[camera_idx]) {
        /* Add reference */
        g_cam_ctrl.cam_obj[camera_idx]->ref_count++;
        pthread_mutex_unlock(&g_intf_lock);
        CDBG("%s:  opened alreadyn", __func__);
        return &g_cam_ctrl.cam_obj[camera_idx]->vtbl;
    }

    cam_obj = (mm_camera_obj_t *)malloc(sizeof(mm_camera_obj_t));
    if(NULL == cam_obj) {
        pthread_mutex_unlock(&g_intf_lock);
        CDBG("%s:  no mem", __func__);
        return NULL;
    }

    /* initialize camera obj */
    memset(cam_obj, 0, sizeof(mm_camera_obj_t));
    cam_obj->ctrl_fd = -1;
    cam_obj->ds_fd = -1;
    cam_obj->ref_count++;
    cam_obj->my_hdl = mm_camera_util_generate_handler(camera_idx);
    cam_obj->vtbl.camera_handle = cam_obj->my_hdl; /* set handler */
    cam_obj->vtbl.ops = &mm_camera_ops;
    pthread_mutex_init(&cam_obj->cam_lock, NULL);

    rc = mm_camera_open(cam_obj);
    if(rc != 0) {
        CDBG_ERROR("%s: mm_camera_open err = %d", __func__, rc);
        pthread_mutex_destroy(&cam_obj->cam_lock);
        g_cam_ctrl.cam_obj[camera_idx] = NULL;
        free(cam_obj);
        cam_obj = NULL;
        pthread_mutex_unlock(&g_intf_lock);
        return NULL;
    }else{
        CDBG("%s: Open succeded\n", __func__);
        g_cam_ctrl.cam_obj[camera_idx] = cam_obj;
        pthread_mutex_unlock(&g_intf_lock);
        return &cam_obj->vtbl;
    }
}

到这里才真正的打开了设备节点,到此为止,如果继续深入分析,则要进入驱动程序。

device/moto/shamu/camera/QCamera2/stack/mm-camera-interface/src/mm_camera.c

int32_t mm_camera_open(mm_camera_obj_t *my_obj)
{
    char dev_name[MM_CAMERA_DEV_NAME_LEN];
    int32_t rc = 0;
    int8_t n_try=MM_CAMERA_DEV_OPEN_TRIES;
    uint8_t sleep_msec=MM_CAMERA_DEV_OPEN_RETRY_SLEEP;
    unsigned int cam_idx = 0;

    CDBG("%s:  begin\n", __func__);

    if (NULL == my_obj) {
        goto on_error;
    }
    snprintf(dev_name, sizeof(dev_name), "/dev/%s",
             mm_camera_util_get_dev_name(my_obj->my_hdl));
    sscanf(dev_name, "/dev/video%u", &cam_idx);
    CDBG_HIGH("%s: dev name = %s, cam_idx = %d", __func__, dev_name, cam_idx);

    do{
        n_try--;
        errno = 0;
        // 这里真正打开相机设备节点
        my_obj->ctrl_fd = open(dev_name, O_RDWR | O_NONBLOCK);
        CDBG("%s:  ctrl_fd = %d, errno == %d", __func__, my_obj->ctrl_fd, errno);
        if((my_obj->ctrl_fd >= 0) || (errno != EIO && errno != ETIMEDOUT) || (n_try <= 0 )) {
            CDBG_HIGH("%s:  opened, break out while loop", __func__);
            break;
        }
        ALOGE("%s:Failed with %s error, retrying after %d milli-seconds",
             __func__, strerror(errno), sleep_msec);
        usleep(sleep_msec * 1000);
    }while (n_try > 0);

    if (my_obj->ctrl_fd < 0) {
        CDBG_ERROR("%s: cannot open control fd of '%s' (%s)\n",
                 __func__, dev_name, strerror(errno));
        rc = -1;
        goto on_error;
    }

    /* 打开 domain socket*/
    n_try = MM_CAMERA_DEV_OPEN_TRIES;
    do {
        n_try--;
        my_obj->ds_fd = mm_camera_socket_create(cam_idx, MM_CAMERA_SOCK_TYPE_UDP);
        CDBG("%s:  ds_fd = %d, errno = %d", __func__, my_obj->ds_fd, errno);
        if((my_obj->ds_fd >= 0) || (n_try <= 0 )) {
            CDBG("%s:  opened, break out while loop", __func__);
            break;
        }
        CDBG("%s:failed with I/O error retrying after %d milli-seconds",
             __func__, sleep_msec);
        usleep(sleep_msec * 1000);
    } while (n_try > 0);

    if (my_obj->ds_fd < 0) {
        CDBG_ERROR("%s: cannot open domain socket fd of '%s'(%s)\n",
                 __func__, dev_name, strerror(errno));
        rc = -1;
        goto on_error;
    }
    pthread_mutex_init(&my_obj->msg_lock, NULL);

    pthread_mutex_init(&my_obj->cb_lock, NULL);
    pthread_mutex_init(&my_obj->evt_lock, NULL);
    pthread_cond_init(&my_obj->evt_cond, NULL);

    CDBG("%s : Launch evt Thread in Cam Open",__func__);
    mm_camera_cmd_thread_launch(&my_obj->evt_thread,
                                mm_camera_dispatch_app_event,
                                (void *)my_obj);

    /* 启动事件轮询线程
     * 我们将在用户首次注册 evt 时将 evt fd 添加到事件轮询线程中*/
    CDBG("%s : Launch evt Poll Thread in Cam Open", __func__);
    mm_camera_poll_thread_launch(&my_obj->evt_poll_thread,
                                 MM_CAMERA_POLL_TYPE_EVT);
    mm_camera_evt_sub(my_obj, TRUE);

    CDBG("%s:  end (rc = %d)\n", __func__, rc);
    /* 我们不需要在返回之前在这里解锁cam_lock,
    * 因为对于打开,它是在intf_lock中完成的 */
    return rc;

on_error:
    if (NULL == my_obj) {
        CDBG_ERROR("%s: Invalid camera object\n", __func__);
        rc = -1;
    } else {
        if (my_obj->ctrl_fd >= 0) {
            close(my_obj->ctrl_fd);
            my_obj->ctrl_fd = -1;
        }
        if (my_obj->ds_fd >= 0) {
            mm_camera_socket_close(my_obj->ds_fd);
            my_obj->ds_fd = -1;
        }
    }

    /* 我们不需要在返回之前在这里解锁cam_lock,
    * 因为对于打开,它是在intf_lock中完成的 */
    return rc;
}
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